.In 1568, the Spanish navigator Álvaro de Mendaña visits the archipelago. He names them Islas Salomón. For centuries European ships avoid the islands because of the presence of cannibals and headhunters. Their culture thus remains unaffected until the beginning of the twentieth century. Only missionaries dare to live on the islands, but they pay a heavy price. They mention that all Solomon Islanders tattoo or scarify themselves with designs symbolising status. However, Christianity slowly replaces the local religions. And with these disappear the designs that symbolise the power of the shamans and priest-kings.