Due to its location also called the most remote island in the world. On Easter Sunday, April 5 1772, Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to set foot on the island, hence its name. He notes a few remarkable things. The natives mark their bodies in blue with birds and other animals, each more beautiful than the last. But the huge statues along the coast surprise him the most. These monolithic human figures are carved by the Rapa Nui people. Captain James Cook visits the island in 1774 and learns the statues commemorated their former high chiefs, including their names and ranks.